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Global: Climate Change

(c) Jason Zheng
Climate Change Impacts:
Pacific Islands
by Theresa Ley
The Plight of Indigenous Cultures and Climate Change
by Caroline Horrigan
Climate Policies in Canada
By Jason Zheng

In the 2010 Cancun Agreements, Canada agreed to cut greenhouse gas emissions, however with its current target of 17% reductions by 2020, Canada continues to stray even with a weak targeted goal. The Federal Party policies on climate change in Canada is in the hands in one of the five major political parties: Bloc Québécois, Conservative Party of Canada, Green Part of Canada, Liberal Party of Canada and the New Democrat Party. The environment is now the focus of the future of Canada, which this issue has been pushed aside in federal debates—even when climate impacts become more severe every day. Nonetheless, we will examine below how each party platforms will secure the environmental future of Canada.

The Bloc Québécois party supports a federal greenhouse gas emissions limit that will aim to keep global warming below two degree Celsius over pre-industrial levels. This is the maximum level since it is already in risk for dangerous climate change. The Bloc supports Québec’s cap and trading forms. The party also states that it is capable of forming the basis for a national market.

The Conservative Party of Canada does not mention climate change. However, the party’s targeted reduction of greenhouse gas can be founding he official government policy. Canada is targeted a 17% emission reduction from 2005 to 2020 and 30% in 2030. Canada’s oil and gas sector needs to be regulated because this is preventing Canada from reaching its goal in emission reduction. The Conservative platform does not have a plan to regulate the oil and gas sector. 

The Green Party of Canada has a clear plan to reduce greenhouse gas. The party plans to reduce emission of the 2005 levels by 40% in 2025; and further extending the reduction by 80% below the 1990 levels in 2050.  The Greens plans to introduce a “fee and dividend” plan. The “fee” would be the consumption tax at the point of sale. The “dividend” would be the reduction in you income tax rate equivalent to the fees paid.

The Liberal Party of Canada has no targeted reduction for greenhouse gas emissions. While the platform aims to collaborate with the provinces and territories to make these targeted reductions, they also aim to work with provincial carbon-pricing policies.

The New Democrat Party have not set reductions for greenhouse gas, however the platform promises to pass the Climate Change Accountability Actwhen the party wins. The Act proposes a reduction target of 34% below 1990 levels by 2025 and further extending it to 80% below 1990 levels by 2050.

The future of Canada’s environment will be in the hands of the Canadians on Election Day which will be on October 19, 2015. 

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