Pseudomonas is a variety of infections caused by a
bacteria normally found in soil or water throughout the environment. The most
common of these infections that affect humans is classified as Pseudomonas aeruginosa. This was first discovered by Carle Gessard in 1882 during an
experiment using ultra violet lighting. Pseudomonas
may cause a variety of different infections such as pneumonia,
urinary tract infections, wound infections, septicemia and gastrointestinal
infections. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is known to be an opportunistic pathogen, meaning it can lead to other serious
infections that may eventually require hospitalizations.
Because pseudomonas strains can lead to a variety of
different infections, the symptoms and area of infections depend on the illness
caused by the specific strain. For example, if the pseudomonas strain causes
pneumonia in a patient, symptoms may include a cough, fever or shortness of
breath. If the particular infection causes severe illness, symptoms may include high fever, chills,
confusion and shock. Many of those that contract an infection from a
pseudomonas strain are those that are immunocompromised. It is also possible
for people to contract a nosocomial infection from pseudomonas.
Pseudomonas infections can generally be treated with
antibiotics. However, it can be difficult at times to find the right
antibiotics as the bacteria strains are constantly evolving and becoming resistant to certain medicines. Pseudomonas can
be prevented by regular hygiene practices such as
hand washing, proper cleaning of hospital equipment as well as environmental
cleanup. It is important to isolate patients currently infected with
pseudomonas as to prevent future nosocomial infections.